Lessons on Scale from Fighting Deforestation in the Amazon

A goal of Fuqua’s Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship is understanding how social ventures can move from idea to widespread and sustainable impact. CASE partnered with USAID, the Skoll Foundation, and Mercy Corps to launch Scaling Pathways to study how three organizations have done exactly that. For the first of these studies, Erin Worsham, CASE’s Executive Director, and Cathy Clark, an adjunct professor with CASE and director of Fuqua’s impact investing initiative, traveled to Belém in Brazil to learn how the nonprofit Imazon helped decrease deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions in the Amazon.

Worsham shares the purpose and potential of the project in this Fuqua Q&A.

Q: Why is scaling a particular challenge for social entrepreneurs?

Scaling is one of the toughest – and most critical – issues for social entrepreneurs. There is often excitement about the next new thing, the innovative idea or organization that has the potential to solve one of the world’s problems. But with so many of those ideas emerging around the world, there are few examples of social ventures that have scaled to solve problems or change systems. One reason is that social ventures are trying to solve deeply entrenched problems, which often include market failures and deep-rooted systems and beliefs, and have complicated cross-sector solutions. With commercial ventures you get immediate feedback from the market, are people buying your product or service or not? In the social impact space it’s not always so clear. It often takes more time, and getting to scale is not simply about growing your organization but about scaling your impact. That can be donethrough partnerships, advocacy, open source data and in other ways.


Strategist on Cuba’s Renewable Energy Challenges

Carlos Fernández-Aballí Altamirano is chief strategy consultant for Cuba Strategies Inc., which works to bring sustainable investment to Cuba from the U.S. In this video In this video produced by Fuqua’s Center for Energy, Development and the Global Environment, he discusses the challenges and opportunities arising from Cuba’s plan to expand its renewable energy portfolio and modernize its energy infrastructure.

U.S. Commercial Officer Discusses Business Climate in Brazil

Steve photo from Linked InSteve Knode is the deputy senior commercial officer with the United States Commercial Service in Brazil, where Duke Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies professor Ambassador Patrick Duddy once served as consul general.

Reporting to the minister counselor for commercial affairs at the U.S. Embassy in Brasilia, Steve helps oversee a network of five offices and 60 professionals across the country, working principally to assist U.S. exporters with market access and insights, as well as to promote Brazilian investment in the U.S.

A member of the U.S. Foreign Service, Knode has been in his current assignment since September 2012. His other international postings include Malaysia, Japan, and Hungary. Knode met with a group of Fuqua students on a Global Academic Travel Experience trip with Ambassador Duddy in Sao Paulo earlier this year. Knode shares some insights on the U.S. Commercial service and doing business in Brazil in this Fuqua Q&A.


Bank CEO Discusses Industry Challenges in Central America

Jaime Sosa is CEO of PSosarival Bank and graduated from the Global Executive MBA program at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business in 2006. He also serves on Fuqua’s Latin America Regional Advisory Board. Sosa says the first thing anyone trying to do business in Central America needs to understand is that it is a very fragmented region: Six countries, all with different business cultures, drivers and legal framework. He says personal relationships are paramount in the industry and take time and effort to develop.

Sosa shares further insights in this Fuqua Q&A.

Q: What challenges are common across the region?

The current environment for countries that are heavily dependent on commodities is extremely challenging, while others have more favorable economic climates. However, a common theme in a lot of countries in the region is bureaucracy, red tape and corruption. One development that we have seen in the last year is the great effort being made across the region to control and prosecute corruption. This will help the long-term development of the region and the growth of business. but right now one must be very careful to choose the right partners and have the right compliance in place to avoid any contingent liabilities.


The Importance of Miami in Latin American Business

Gilberto Caldart believes one of the most important hubs for business in Latin America isn’t located in the region. Instead, he’s seeing Miami play an increasing role in business decisions shaping Latin America. Caldart should know—he has extensive experience in both regions.

Gilberto Caldart, president for MasterCard’s Latin America and Caribbean region, talks about the importance Miami in Latin American Business in a Duke Fuqua Q&A

Gilberto Caldart, president for MasterCard’s Latin America and Caribbean region

After spearheading Citigroup’s businesses in Latin America for more than 26 years, Caldart began his career at MasterCard in 2008 as president of the company’s GeoSouth division based in Sao Paulo. In this role, he managed operations in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay. Five years later, he embarked on a new adventure as president for MasterCard’s Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region based in Miami.

Caldart graduated from the Global Executive MBA program at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business in 2002. He shared industry and regional insights in a Fuqua Q&A.


NXTP Labs Co-Founder Discusses Entrepreneurship in Latin America

Gonzalo Costa, founding partner at NXTP Labs discusses entrepreurship in Latin America in a Duke Fuqua Q&A

Gonzalo Costa, founding partner at NXTP Labs

Gonzalo Costa has seen the growth of entrepreneurship in Latin America first-hand through more than a decade of working in venture capital and consulting. In 2011, he co-founded NXTP Labs, the most active early-stage investment fund focused on technology startups across Latin America. He is a managing partner based in Buenos Aires.

Gonzalo graduated from Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business Daytime MBA program in 2001. He shared entrepreneurial and regional insights in a Fuqua Q&A.

Q) What is some basic advice you give startups in Latin America?

First, focus on solving a real problem or need—the bigger it is, the better. The concept of ‘entrepreneurship’ is very trendy these days, and that is a great thing. I am a firm believer that entrepreneurs are changing the world. However, many first-time entrepreneurs get excited about the buzz in certain markets and lose sight that in order to build a successful startup, addressing an actual need is key.


Expanding Fuqua’s Presence in Latin America

Duke Fuqua Dean Bill Boulding appearing on Roda Viva, a Brazilian television program
Appearing on Roda Viva in Brazil

By Dean Bill Boulding

We continue to grow Fuqua’s international presence with a specific principle in mind. We believe our community must be infused with a diversity of people and experiences in order to continue developing the new kind of business leader that the world needs.

Over the last decade, we’ve embedded programs and staff in East Asia, Europe, India, the Middle East and Russia/CIS, and most recently have formally expanded our global footprint to include Latin America. We’re very pleased with the initial results and enthused about the prospects going forward.